MUMBAI: Retail depositors with over Rs 15 lakh in Punjab and Maharashtra Cooperative (PMC) Bank will have to wait for 10 years to get all their money back. The timeline is in terms of a resolution plan drawn up by the RBI, which involves the defunct cooperative lender’s amalgamation with the newly formed Unity Small Finance Bank (SFB).
The resolution of PMC Bank through private investment using the SFB licence route is the first time such an exit option has been adopted for stakeholders in a failed bank.
Institutional depositors, including cooperative housing societies and cooperative credit societies which have deposits in the bank, will end up taking a haircut. The resolution plan envisages 80% of their funds being converted into perpetual non-cumulative preference shares with a dividend of only 1% per annum. After 10 years, the bank can decide if it wants to increase the dividend or repay investors. The remaining 20% of institutional funds will be converted into equity warrants of Unity SFB at Re 1 per warrant. These warrants will be converted into shares whenever Unity SFB floats a public issue. For retail investors, interest at the rate of 2.75% will be paid on deposits that are outstanding after five years from the date of notification of the scheme.
The draft proposals will be finalised and implemented through a government notification after taking into account suggestions and objections up to December 10, 2021. Going by experience, major changes are unlikely under the scheme as there is a huge gap between the assets and liabilities of the bank due to large-scale fraud and there are no other bidders to take over the business.
“Given the financial condition of the PMC Bank, and in the absence of proposals for capital infusion, the bank was not viable on its own. In that event, the only course of action could have been the cancellation of its licence and taking it for liquidation, wherein depositors would have received payment up to the insurance ceiling of Rs 5 lakh,” the RBI said.
Unity SFB, which has been promoted by Centrum and Bharat Pe, said that 96% of all depositors will get immediate access to their deposits and 99% will get paid in full by the 5th year. It added that the scheme saves the bank from liquidation and protects the interest of stakeholders.
“The draft scheme provides much-needed relief and clarity to over 1,100 PMC Bank employees, who will remain employed and continue uninterrupted service to clients,” the statement said. It added that the bank was operationalised in record time after RBI’s approval on October 12, 2021. “Our shareholders have committed capital of over Rs 3,000 crore through cash and warrants which will be used to build a strong foundation for the bank,” the SFB said.